Michel Foucault : Variações sobre o tema do Panóptico

Neste slide, fiz uma pequena introdução ao pensamento de Michel Foucault (sobre sua proposta de construção de uma Arqueologia do Saber e uma Genealogia do Poder)

Na sequência, em suas preocupações com a Genealogia do Poder, Foucault volta sua atenção para os dispositivos (e para as disciplinas). Aproveitei para fazer uma breve apresentação do pensamento de Agamben sobre o mesmo tema.

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A partir daí, comecei a falar dos dispositivos panópticos (e os demais regimes de vigilância: escópicos e de rastreamento). Apresentei, rapidamente, a visão que o sociológo Zygmunt Bauman desenvolve a respeito das formas de vigilância líquida (o sinóptico e o ban-óptico)

CHIGNOLA, Sandro. Sobre o dispositivo: Foucault, Agamben, Deleuze. Humanitas ano 12 · nº 214 · vol. 12 · 2014 ·


TEXTO-BASE

 

FOUCAULT, Michel. O panoptismo. In: Vigiar e Punir. Petrópolis, Vozes, 1987.

 

TEXTO COMPLEMENTAR

 

MACHADO, Arlindo. Máquinas de Vigiar. Revista USP set/out/nov. 1990


Arqueologia do Saber/ Michel Foucault (Curso de Extensão FFLCH/USP) -LabNAU-USP (09 aulas)


CARIBÉ, João Carlos R. Ética na sociabilização mediada por algoritmos. IBICT, UFRJ,  junho 2017 [sobre o Panspectro]

 

(Artigo de Mathiensen sobre o Sinóptico) Mathiesen, Thomas, (1997) “The viewer society: Michel Foucault’s ‘Panopticon’ revisited” from Theoretical criminology : an international journal 1 (2) pp.215-232, London: Sage

 

Sobre o monitoramento nas redes digitais. UMA SOCIEDADE DIGITAL LIVRE: O QUE FAZ DA INCLUSÃO DIGITAL BOA OU RUIM? POR RICHARD STALLMAN ((PALESTRA TRADUZIDA POR ARACELE TORRES DO BLOG CIBERMUNDI)

 

DAL BELLO, Cinthia. Visibilidade, vigilância, identidade e indexação: a questão da privacidade nas redes sociais digitais. LOGOS 34 O Estatuto da Cibercultura no Brasil. Vol.34, Nº01, 1º semestre 2011

 

‘Despreparada para a era digital, a democracia está sendo destruída’, afirma guru do ‘big data’ – 

 

What Synthetic Biology Has in Common With Queer Theory -Deciding what organisms (and people!) are “related” to each other is more complicated than it seems. – By Sophia Roosth, Slate, 25/04/2017


Lightbeam is a Firefox add-on that enables you to see the first and third party sites you interact with on the Web. Using interactive visualizations, Lightbeam shows you the relationships between these third parties and the sites you visit. When you visit a website, online trackers and the site itself may be able to identify you – even if you’ve installed software to protect yourself. It’s possible to configure your browser to thwart tracking, but many people don’t know how. Panopticlick will analyze how well your browser and add-ons protect you against online tracking techniques. We’ll also see if your system is uniquely configured—and thus identifiable—even if you are using privacy-protective software.  


ANOHNI — Watch Me (HQ) from Savely Ulbashev on Vimeo.

 



Este vídeo é um trabalho de curso apresentado na faculdade Cásper Líbero, feito pelas alunas/aluno Elis Azenha, Giovanna Galvani, Heitor Ribeiro e Miréia Figueiredo, sob a coordenação do professor Rafael Grohmann (2016)


Panopticon Times: Panóptico é um modelo de prisão desenhado por Jeremy Benthan para que apenas um único homem pudesse observar todos os prisioneiros, sem que soubessem que estavam sendo observados. Esse modelo foi expandido para a sociedade e muitos hoje acreditam que vivemos sendo observados, em uma sociedade do espetáculo, onde quando não somos observados por câmeras e mecanismos de controle, expomos nossa privacidade em redes sociais. Para nos libertar disso, buscamos uma Belgian Saison, refrescante, frutada e complexa e à ela adicionamos Cajá-Manga e um Dry-Hop generoso do lúpulo americano Equinox, para acentuar ainda mais o cítrico e tropical dessa cerveja que visa te desligar desse controle e o religar ao que realmente importa, o prazer de uma boa cerveja com as pessoas de quem você gosta.

INFORMAÇÕES:
  • Copos: Snifter, Iso ou Bordeaux
  • Temperatura: 12-15ºC
  • Amargor: 60 IBU

Hakuna Metadata – Exploring the browsing history

Metadata is data about data. In an e-mail, the data is the content of the e-mail and metadata is the information about the e-mail. So, it covers information like who is it from or who sent it, the date and time, the subject, network information etc. When we are browsing the internet, data is represented by the content of the websites that we visit, but the metadata are the website addresses (so-called “URLs”), the time of visit and the number of visits, network information, and so on.

Data is often considered to be sensitive, and it is possible to protect it using encryption technologies. However, metadata is generally not treated as sensitive, and is also very difficult to encrypt. For example, if we encrypt the sender information on an email, your email client would not know where to send it.

Metadata was not invented to help privacy invaders. It was intended to speed up the process of classification and indexing of any kind of bulk data, without looking at the data itself. By definition, metadata enforces data protection by letting someone process the data, without even looking at the content inside – sort of like an envelope in traditional postal services.

However, metadata is also the fastest way to profile internet users – by analysing the number and nature of communications between different people, with particular websites, location, keywords. Although profiling based on metadata can be used for a number of purposes, the exploitation of its power for advertising and surveillance is its most common and controversial use.

Browsers store the browsing history to provide a more user-friendly browsing experience. By default, browsers store the history of all the previously visited websites, cached copy of the websites, form filling history, cookie information, and bookmarks. Depending on the operating system and the browser, this information will be stored in a specific location on the hard disk of your computer in a lightweight database. Browser history has its own advantage in terms of usability, such as automatic completion of previously visited URLs, and locally cached copies of the previously visited websites to boost up the browsing speed.

Who can access our metadata from browsing? Our browsing history is accessible to our browsers, which is why it is highly recommended to use open-source trustworthy browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, which protects and respects your privacy. If you are using other browsers from the companies that are themselves data brokers and advertisers, you end up giving away your browsing history to get tracked. Even when we can trust our browsers, there are other actors with access to our browsing history. Full access to our browsing history can be gained through a Wifi Hotspot, especially when using public hotspots, as well as because of a malware in the computer. Almost full access to your browsing history is available to Internet Service Providers (ISPs), even when the traffic is encrypted. Partial access is available to Domain Name Service (DNS) Providers, to different companies for tracking, advertising and profiling through cookies, browser fingerprinting, etc., and to websites that you visit.

In spite of the clear privacy implications, there is no clarity under the law about whether browsing history is to be protected as content or non-content metadata.

Hakuna Metadata, a project to analyse metadata by EDRi’s Ford-Mozilla Open Web Fellow Sid Rao shows how metadata can reveal a surprising scale of our daily interactions online. It is possible to learn about a person’s working hours, sleep time, work-related travel and holiday schedules, interests and other keywords related information, who their friends are and much more just by using their browsing metadata. You can read more about the project and the results of the analysis here and download the open source browsing history visualisation tool here.

Hakuna Metadata – Exploring the browsing history (28.03.2017) http://www.privacypies.org/blog/metadata/2017/02/28/hakuna-metadata-1.html

Hakuna Metadata – Browsing history visualization for Linux + Firefox combo https://github.com/sidtechnical/hakuna-metadata-1

Metadata Investigation: Inside Hacking Team (29.10.2015) https://labs.rs/en/metadata/

(Contribution by Siddharth Rao, Ford-Mozilla Open Web Fellow, EDRi)


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